Logourl black
From our private database of 14,100+ case briefs...

Grain Processing Corp. v. American Maize-Products Co.

United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
185 F.3d 1341 (1999)


Facts

Grain Processing Corporation (Grain) (plaintiff) owned a patent for maltodextrin food additives and the processes for producing them. Grain sold maltodextrins under the brand name Maltrin. In 1979, American Maize Products Company (Maize) (defendant) began selling Lo-Dex 10, a waxy-starch maltodextrin, which it made using two processes. Grain sued Maize for infringement and obtained an injunction precluding Maize from producing and selling Lo-Dex 10. In 1991, Maize developed a new process for producing Lo-Dex 10. The new process used the enzyme glucoamylase, which was commercially available since the early 1970s. Despite this availability, Maize did not use the glucoamylase process until 1991 because it was more expensive than the previous processes. The glucoamylase process successfully produced non-infringing Lox-Dex 10. During the damages portion of Grain’s infringement suit, Grain claimed damages in the form of lost profits arising from lost sales of Maltrin. Grain alleged that the lost sales that would not have occurred but for Maize’s infringement. The district court denied lost profits, instead awarding a three percent reasonable royalty. Grain appealed. The Federal Circuit reversed and remanded. On remand, the district court again denied lost profits, finding that glucoamylase was an acceptable non-infringing substitute during the period of Maize’s infringement, and this precluded Grain’s claim of lost profits. Grain appealed.

Rule of Law

The rule of law is the black letter law upon which the court rested its decision.

To access this section, please start your free trial or log in.

Issue

The issue section includes the dispositive legal issue in the case phrased as a question.

To access this section, please start your free trial or log in.

Holding and Reasoning (Rader, J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A "yes" or "no" answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

To access this section, please start your free trial or log in.

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 220,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,100 briefs, keyed to 189 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.