Quimbee logo
DMCA.com Protection Status

Gray v. Lockheed Aeronautical Systems Co.

125 F.3d 1371 (1997)

Case BriefRelatedOptions
From our private database of 33,600+ case briefs...

Gray v. Lockheed Aeronautical Systems Co.

United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit

125 F.3d 1371 (1997)

Facts

Lockheed Aeronautical Systems Company (Lockheed) (defendant) contracted with the United States Navy to develop and manufacture the S-3 Viking jet. As part of this process, Lockheed told the Navy that the S-3 would have two hydraulic systems and a backup manual system that could operate the jet’s servo, i.e., the part that connected the pilot’s control stick to the jet’s ailerons and allowed the pilot to turn the jet. Although Lockheed and the Navy worked together closely on the S-3’s creation, the Navy did not require that Lockheed design or manufacture the servo in any particular way. Lockheed subcontracted the servo’s design, manufacturing, and testing to another company. However, the servo’s design was defective, its manufacturing was inaccurate, and the postmanufacturing testing procedures were flawed. Four Navy personnel were in an S-3 when the pilot attempted to bank the jet during the takeoff climb from an aircraft carrier. The hydraulic and manual servo-operating systems all failed, preventing the pilot from being able to stop the bank and causing the plane to start to roll out of control. The personnel ejected from the S-3 before it crashed, but the altitude was not sufficient to allow their parachutes to open. Three of the personnel (plaintiffs) died on impact with the water and the fourth suffered serious injuries. The families of the deceased (plaintiffs) sued Lockheed for the defective servo. Lockheed argued that the claims were barred by the Boyle, i.e., military-contractor, defense. The district court found that the servo was defective and that the military-contractor defense did not apply. The district court entered judgment against Lockheed, and Lockheed appealed.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Hatchett, C.J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 603,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.

    Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.

    Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee

Here's why 603,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 33,600 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership
Here's why 603,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
  • Reliable - written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students
  • The right length and amount of information - includes the facts, issue, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents
  • Access in your class - works on your mobile and tablet
  • 33,600 briefs - keyed to 984 casebooks
  • Uniform format for every case brief
  • Written in plain English - not in legalese and not just repeating the court's language
  • Massive library of related video lessons - and practice questions
  • Top-notch customer support

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership