Griswold (defendant) was Executive Director of the Planned Parenthood League of Connecticut. Buxton was a licensed physician and professor at Yale Medical School who served as Director for the League at its Center in New Haven. The Center was open and operated from November 1 to November 10, 1961, when Griswold and Buxton were arrested for giving information, instruction, and medical advice to married persons for preventing conception. Buxton and Griswold were arrested and convicted as “accessories” pursuant to Connecticut statutes that prevented using contraception or assisting someone else in using contraception. Griswold and Buxton challenged the convictions and brought suit against Connecticut, (plaintiff), alleging that the statutes violated the Fourteenth Amendment. The Appellate Division of the Circuit Court affirmed their convictions, and the Supreme Court of Errors affirmed. Griswold and Buxton appealed to the United States Supreme Court.