Illinois Brick Co. v. Illinois
United States Supreme Court
431 U.S. 720 (1977)
Illinois Brick Company (Illinois Brick) (defendant) was a manufacturer of concrete bricks operating in the Chicago area. Illinois Brick sold bricks to masonry contractors, who then submitted bids to general contractors for specific portions of larger construction projects. The State of Illinois (plaintiff) awarded construction projects to general contractors who accepted bids from masonry contractors using bricks purchased from Illinois Brick. As a result, Illinois was an indirect purchaser of Illinois Brick’s products. Illinois believed that an unlawful price-fixing conspiracy by Illinois Brick had caused Illinois to be overcharged on construction projects by a significant amount. Illinois brought a lawsuit, seeking treble damages under § 4 of the Clayton Act. Illinois Brick moved for summary judgment on the theory that indirect purchasers were not eligible to sue under § 4 for overcharges. The court of appeals rejected the motion, and Illinois Brick appealed.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (White, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 174,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,000 briefs, keyed to 188 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.