Logourl black

International Longshoremen’s and Warehousemen’s Union, Local 37 v. Boyd

Supreme Court of the United States
347 U.S. 222 (1954)


Facts

Boyd (defendant) was the director of the Seattle district of the Immigration and Naturalization Service. The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 contained a provision that could be interpreted as requiring the government to treat resident aliens returning from temporary work in Alaska as though they were entering the country for the first time. The International Longshoremen’s and Warehousemen’s Union (plaintiff) represented members, including some resident aliens, who regularly pursued seasonal work in Alaska’s salmon canneries. No union worker had been subject to any enforcement action under the new immigration law at the time that the union filed suit. The union sought a declaratory judgment and an injunction prohibiting the government from enforcing the immigration law under the challenged interpretation. The district court considered the merits of the union’s case and dismissed the suit. On appeal to the United States Supreme Court, Boyd contended that the district court should not have gone so far as to consider the merits of the case and should have dismissed the action for lack of a justiciable case or controversy.

Rule of Law

The rule of law is the black letter law upon which the court rested its decision. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Issue

The issue section includes the dispositive legal issue in the case phrased as a question. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Holding and Reasoning (Frankfurter, J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Dissent (Black, J.)

The dissent section is for members only and includes a summary of the dissenting judge or justice’s opinion. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Here's why 90,000 law students rely on our case briefs:

  • Reliable - written by law professors and practitioners not other law students.
  • The right length and amount of information - includes the facts, issue, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your class - works on your mobile and tablet.
  • 12,195 briefs - keyed to 164 casebooks.
  • Uniform format for every case brief.
  • Written in plain English - not in legalese and not just repeating the court's language.
  • Massive library of related video lessons - and practice questions.
  • Ability to tag case briefs in an outlining tool.
  • Top-notch customer support.
Start Your Free Trial Now