Jinks v. Richland County
United States Supreme Court
538 U.S. 456 (2003)
Susan Jinks (plaintiff) brought a wrongful death action and a civil rights claim against Richland County (defendant) in federal court after her husband died in the county detention center. The federal court had jurisdiction over the civil rights claim, which was grounded in federal law, and exercised supplemental jurisdiction over the wrongful death claim, which was grounded in state law. Section 1367 of the U.S. Judicial Code allows federal courts to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over state law claims—claims that they ordinarily would not have the authority to review—if there is a related federal claim for which there is independent jurisdiction. In this case, the district court awarded summary judgment to the county on the civil rights claim. The district court then dismissed the wrongful death claim under § 1367(c), which requires federal courts to dismiss supplemental claims if all federal claims have been dismissed. Jinks took her wrongful death action to state court, where the jury ruled in her favor. The South Carolina Supreme Court reversed the jury verdict, holding that Jinks did not bring her claims within the prescribed state statute of limitations. The state supreme court also held that § 1367(d) of the U.S. Judicial Code, which states that the period of limitations for supplemental claims to be refiled in state court is tolled while such claims are pending in federal court, does not preempt South Carolina’s statute of limitations.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Scalia, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 174,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,000 briefs, keyed to 188 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.