Missouri v. National Organization for Women, Inc.
United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit
620 F.2d 1301 (1980)
The National Organization for Women, Inc. (NOW) (defendant), called for its members to avoid holding conventions in states that had not ratified the proposed Equal Rights Amendment. NOW hoped that the economic boycott on conventions would persuade state legislatures to adopt the Equal Rights Amendment, which NOW saw as instrumental in expanding the legal rights of women. The State of Missouri (plaintiff) was one of the boycotted states. In response to the boycott, Missouri brought a suit against NOW, arguing that the boycott was a conspiracy to restrain trade in violation of § 1 of the Sherman Act. The district court held in favor of NOW, finding that the boycott was protected from antitrust liability under an exception for legitimate attempts to petition the government. The court of appeals affirmed, and Missouri appealed the decision.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Stephenson, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 726,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 726,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 45,700 briefs, keyed to 983 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.