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Nevada Department of Human Resources v. Hibbs

United States Supreme Court
538 U.S. 721 (2003)


Hibbs (plaintiff) was an employee of the Nevada Department of Human Resources (defendant). Hibbs was fired after refusing to return to work upon notice that the Department would not extend a 12-week leave of absence to care for his wife’s medical needs. Hibbs filed suit in the federal district court claiming violations of the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993. The Department moved for summary judgment on grounds that the Eleventh Amendment barred Hibbs from bringing suit against the state and that Hibbs had no claim under the Fourteenth Amendment. The court of appeals reversed the order for summary judgment. The Department petitioned the United States Supreme Court for review.

Rule of Law


Holding and Reasoning (Rehnquist, J.)

Concurrence (Stevens, J.)

Dissent (Scalia, J.)


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