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Phillips v. Martin Marietta Corp.

400 U.S. 542 (1971)

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Phillips v. Martin Marietta Corp.

United States Supreme Court

400 U.S. 542 (1971)

Facts

Ida Phillips (plaintiff) applied for and was denied employment with Martin Marietta Corp. (Martin) (defendant). Phillips sued Martin under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, alleging employment discrimination on the basis of sex. Evidence showed that Martin informed Phillips that it was not accepting job applications from women with preschool-age children; at the same time, Martin employed men with preschool-age children; and a large majority of the applicants for the specified job position, and those hired, were women. The district court entered summary judgment for Martin, finding no question of sex discrimination. The Fifth Circuit affirmed. The Supreme Court granted certiorari.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Per curiam)

Concurrence (Marshall, J.)

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