Planned Parenthood (plaintiff) brought suit against Casey (defendant), the Governor of Pennsylvania, in federal district court for the purpose of challenging five restrictions on abortion under Pennsylvania law. Most significantly, the Pennsylvania statute required informed consent and a 24-hour waiting period for all women prior to undergoing the procedure. All minors seeking an abortion were required to obtain the informed consent of at least one parent, while a married woman had to show that she notified her husband of her intent to abort the fetus. The district court issued judgment for Planned Parenthood, but the court of appeals upheld all Pennsylvania provisions except the requirement of spousal notification. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.