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Tooley v. Martin-Marietta Corp.

648 F.2d 1239 (1981)

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Tooley v. Martin-Marietta Corp.

United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit

648 F.2d 1239 (1981)

Facts

Section 701(j) of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII) required an employer to accommodate the religious beliefs of an employee. Section 701(j) was intended to promote Title VII’s broader policy of prohibiting discrimination in employment. The Martin-Marietta Corporation (the company) (defendant) and the United Steelworkers of America, Local 8141 (the union) (defendant) entered into an agreement that obligated the company to discharge all employees who failed to pay dues to the union. Three employees of the company (plaintiffs) were Seventh Day Adventists who, under the tenets of their faith, were prohibited from paying dues to a union. These employees proposed an accommodation under which they would make a contribution equal to the amount of the union dues to a charity agreed upon by both the employees and the union. But the union refused to accept the accommodation. Subsequently, the employees brought suit, contending that the union and the company violated § 701(j). The union and the company asserted that, under the facts of the case, § 701(j) violated the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment. The district court ruled in favor of the employees. The union and the company appealed.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Farris, J.)

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