From our private database of 33,600+ case briefs...
United States v. Brown University
United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit
5 F.3d 658 (3d Cir. 1993)
The Ivy Overlap Group was formed in 1958 by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) (defendant) and eight Ivy League schools to coordinate financial aid for students who were admitted to more than one of the schools in the group. Members agreed to award financial aid only on the basis of need and to use a standard methodology for calculating need. Additionally, the members met once a year to resolve discrepancies and to set the amount of aid given to commonly admitted students. The United States (plaintiff) sued MIT, Brown University, and the other Ivy Overlap Group schools (defendants), alleging violation of § 1 of the Sherman Act and seeking injunctive relief. All of the Ivy Overlap Group schools settled, except for MIT. At trial, the district court found that the Ivy Overlap Group’s conduct constituted price fixing. However, due to the Ivy Overlap Group schools’ nonprofit and educational nature, the district court declined to apply the per se rule. Instead, the district court performed an abbreviated quick-look analysis. MIT appealed, arguing that the district court erred (1) in finding that financial aid constituted commercial activity within the meaning of the Sherman Act and (2) by applying the abbreviated quick-look analysis rather than a full-scale rule-of-reason analysis.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Cowen, J.)
Dissent (Weis, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 603,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 603,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 33,600 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.