United States v. Carroll Towing Co.
United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit
159 F.2d 169 (2d Cir. 1947)
Connors Company (Connors) (plaintiff) owned a barge called the Anna C. The barge carried a load of flour owned by the United States (plaintiff). Connors hired Carroll Towing Co. (Carroll) to tow the barge with its tug boat. Carroll chartered its tug boat to Grace Line (Grace) (defendant), another tug company. On January 4, 1944, Connors’ barge was docked at Pier 51 on the North River. Connors’ employee who was tasked with watching the barge had gone ashore. Carroll’s tug boat attempted a tricky move of the Anna C to another dock, but this maneuver failed and ultimately set loose all other boats at the dock. The boats floated down the river and the Anna C sank. Connors brought suit against Carroll and Grace for damages from the loss of the boat, and the United States brought suit against Carroll for the loss of the flour. At trial, Carroll and Grace defended on the ground that Connors was contributorily negligent because its employee was absent from the barge at the time of the incident. The trial judge found that Carroll, but not Grace was responsible for one-half the damage to the Anna C and for the entire loss of the flour. The parties appealed.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (L. Hand, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 166,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,800 briefs, keyed to 187 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.