In 1990, Congress passed the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). Title II of the ADA provided that disabled inmates in state prisons could bring suits against a state for monetary damages. Goodman (plaintiff), a paraplegic inmate in the Georgia prison system, sued the State of Georgia (defendant) under Title II, alleging several deficiencies with the conditions of his confinement. He claimed he was denied assistance in performing basic life functions, reasonable accommodations based on his disability, and access to many prison programs because of his disability. Georgia moved for summary judgment on the grounds that Title II violated its sovereign immunity from suit under the Eleventh Amendment to the Constitution. The district court granted summary judgment for Georgia and dismissed the case. The Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed. Goodman and the United States government appealed to the United States Supreme Court.