From our private database of 35,400+ case briefs...
United States v. Midwest Fireworks Manufacturing Co.
United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit
248 F.3d 563 (2001)
Midwest Fireworks Manufacturing Company, Inc. (Midwest) (defendant) imported fireworks. The Consumer Products Safety Commission (CPSC) (plaintiff) collected and tested samples of Midwest’s fireworks. CPSC compliance officers evaluated the test results and determined that 79 of Midwest’s products were hazardous and violated federal law. The CPSC sent Midwest letters notifying it of the violations and asking Midwest to submit a proposed corrective plan. Midwest did not cooperate, and the CPSC filed a lawsuit to force Midwest to destroy or export the hazardous fireworks. At a hearing in the lawsuit, the CPSC sought to introduce evidence of its sample-collection reports, laboratory-test reports, compliance-officer evaluations, and letters to Midwest. The CPSC routinely created its sample-collection and laboratory-test reports whether litigation was anticipated or not. In addition, CPSC technicians involved in the Midwest investigation testified that they performed thousands of similar tests each year. Although the CPSC’s proposed exhibits contained out-of-court hearsay statements, the trial court admitted them under the business-records and public-records exceptions to the rule prohibiting hearsay. The trial court then issued a permanent injunction requiring Midwest to destroy or export all the hazardous fireworks. Midwest appealed the order, arguing that the trial court should have excluded the hearsay statements in the CPSC’s reports and letters.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Siler, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 616,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 616,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 35,400 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.