Vance v. Terrazas
United States Supreme Court
444 U.S. 252 (1980)
Laurence Terrazas (plaintiff) was born in the United States to a Mexican citizen. While a student in Mexico, he applied for and received a certificate of Mexican nationality. To obtain this certificate, he had to swear an oath of obedience and submission to the Mexican Republic, and expressly renounce his United States citizenship. After discussions with an officer of the U.S. Consulate in Monterrey, the Department of State issued a certificate of loss of nationality. Terrazas then brought suit in district court against the Secretary of State for a declaration of his United States citizenship. The trial court found that the government had proved by a preponderance of the evidence that Terrazas had voluntarily relinquished his United States citizenship. The court of appeals reversed, holding that under Afroyim v. Rusk, 387 U.S. 253 (1967), that Congress had no power to legislate the evidentiary standard and that the Constitution required clear and convincing evidence. The Supreme Court granted certiorari on the Secretary’s appeal.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (White, J)
Concurrence/Dissent (Marshall, J)
Concurrence/Dissent (Stevens, J)
Dissent (Brennan, J)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 175,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,000 briefs, keyed to 188 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.