Texas Supreme Court
707 S.W.2d 886 (1986)
Maria Vasquez (plaintiff) was employed by Bannworths, Inc. (Bannworths) (defendant) as a farm worker beginning in 1973. In 1982, Vasquez sought assistance through the United Farm Workers (UFW) union to become a permanent resident of the United States. Vasquez then joined the UFW. Subsequently, Vasquez told UFW about Bannworths employees’ working conditions. Specifically, Vasquez reported that the employees were forced to share a common drinking cup and that the portable bathrooms provided by Bannworths were filthy and did not meet the minimum health and sanitation standards promulgated by the Texas Health Commissioner. After Vasquez’s report, sanitation engineers from the Hidalgo County Health Department went to Bannworths’ fields to inspect the bathrooms. Later that same day, Bannworths fired Vasquez. Vasquez brought suit against Bannworths, alleging that she had been discriminated against for her UFW membership. Vasquez sought damages for lost wages and an injunction that would order her reinstatement and restrain Bannworths from violating the Texas Right-to-Work Act (Act) in the future. The Act prohibited employers from denying employees the right to work based on membership or non-membership in a union. The jury found that Vasquez had been fired due to her union membership and further found that Bannworths would continue to injure Vasquez in violation of the Act. The jury awarded Vasquez $3,000 for her lost wages. Based on the jury’s finding of fact and on the recognition that Vasquez would suffer irreparable injury without an adequate remedy at law, the trial judge enjoined Bannworths from future termination, suspension, or other discrimination or threat against Vasquez based on her UFW membership. However, the trial judge did not order Vasquez’s reinstatement and instead conditioned its injunction on Bannworths’ voluntary rehiring of Vasquez. Vasquez appealed, arguing that the trial court had abused its discretion by failing to order her reinstatement. The court of appeals affirmed, and Vasquez appealed to the Texas Supreme Court.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (McGee, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 217,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,100 briefs, keyed to 189 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.