Dr. Aleksandr Makarov (defendant) was employed by Cleveland Chiropractic College (Cleveland) (defendant), where he taught a dermatology course. Leonard Verni (plaintiff), a student in Makarov’s class, sued to enforce Makarov’s employment contract with Cleveland. Verni, who had been dismissed from the school for disseminating advance copies of an exam from the dermatology course, claimed that Makarov failed to treat him with “courtesy, respect, fairness and professionalism,” as required by the faculty handbook. The handbook indicated that students were entitled to such treatment. Verni argued that, as a student, he was an intended beneficiary of the employment contract between Makarov and Cleveland. The one page employment contract explained Makarov’s duties and compensation as a professor, and stated that he must comply with the policies and procedures contained in the faculty handbook. Verni prevailed at trial and Makarov appealed.