Logourl black
From our private database of 14,000+ case briefs...

Vernonia School Dist. 47J v. Acton

United States Supreme Court
515 U.S. 646 (1995)


Facts

In response to increases in drug use and disciplinary problems amongst the student population, Vernonia School District 47J (District) (defendant) implemented a drug testing policy. The purpose of the policy is to protect the health and safety of student athletes, because drug usage makes sports-related injuries more likely. Students participating in sports and their parents must consent to testing. All student athletes are tested at the beginning of the season and students are selected at random for additional testing each week. The test requires students to produce a urine sample while being monitored (from outside the stall for girls and from 12 feet away for boys). Students that test positive are placed in a drug assistance program or suspended from sports. Strict procedures are followed to maintain confidentiality, and the records are not turned over to police. James Acton (plaintiff) was not permitted to play football because his parents (plaintiffs) did not consent to drug testing. The plaintiffs filed suit and requested declaratory and injunctive relief barring enforcement of the policy. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari to consider whether the policy violated the United States Constitution.

Rule of Law

The rule of law is the black letter law upon which the court rested its decision.

To access this section, please start your free trial or log in.

Issue

The issue section includes the dispositive legal issue in the case phrased as a question.

To access this section, please start your free trial or log in.

Holding and Reasoning (Scalia, J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

To access this section, please start your free trial or log in.

Dissent (O’Connor, J.)

The dissent section is for members only and includes a summary of the dissenting judge or justice’s opinion.

To access this section, please start your free trial or log in.

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 174,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,000 briefs, keyed to 188 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.