Amber Realty Co. (Amber) (plaintiff) owned a tract of land in the Village of Euclid (defendant). Euclid is a suburb of Cleveland, Ohio, which is largely residential in nature. In 1922, Euclid enacted a zoning ordinance, resulting in Amber’s land being partitioned in terms of the types of uses that were permissible on it. Most notably, portions of Amber’s land were zoned in such a way as to prohibit the development of industry. Amber brought suit against Euclid, alleging that the zoning ordinance violated the Fourteenth Amendment because it deprived Amber of liberty and property without due process. The appellate court held that the ordinance was unconstitutional. Euclid petitioned for certiorari to the United States Supreme Court.