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Voyeur Dorm, L.C. v. City of Tampa, Florida

United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
265 F.3d 1232 (2001)


Facts

Voyeur Dorm (Voyeur) (plaintiff) operated a website that provided a 24-hour live Internet feed portraying the lives of the residents of a house in Tampa, Florida. Voyeur contracted with the women who lived in the house. The City of Tampa (Tampa) (defendant) determined that Voyeur had violated Tampa’s statute prohibiting adult entertainment in residential areas. Voyeur sued to overturn Tampa’s decision. The issue at trial was whether the statute applied to the activities inside Voyeur’s house. Under the statute, to be adult entertainment, the activity must take place on a premise which is offered to members of the public. Tampa argued that because Voyeur allowed members of the public to pay to watch the video feed, Voyeur’s activity was offered to the public and constituted adult entertainment under the statute. Voyeur argued that because the public was not physically invited inside the house, the statute did not apply. The lower court found that, although the public did not congregate at a specific location to enjoy the entertainment provided by Voyeur, the house still offered specific sexual activities to the public. Thus, according to the lower court, Voyeur’s sexual entertainment violated the statute. Voyeur appealed.

Rule of Law

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning (Dubina, J.)

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  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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