Logourl black
From our private database of 13,800+ case briefs...

Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. v. Dukes

United States Supreme Court
131 S.Ct. 2541 (2011)


Facts

Dukes (plaintiff) and two other current or former employees of Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. (Wal-Mart) (defendant) were three named plaintiffs in a proposed class action against the company that included approximately 1.5 million current and former female Wal-Mart employees (collectively Plaintiffs). The Plaintiffs brought suit against Wal-Mart alleging that the company engaged in a “corporate culture” of discrimination against female employees in violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The Plaintiffs did not allege any violation of an express corporate policy. Rather, they claimed that the local Wal-Mart managers’ subjective discretion over pay and promotions was exercised disproportionately in favor of men. The Plaintiffs sought injunctive and declaratory relief as well as back pay. The district court approved certification of the class and Wal-Mart appealed. The court of appeals affirmed. The U.S. Supreme Court granted certiorari to review.

Rule of Law

The rule of law is the black letter law upon which the court rested its decision. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Issue

The issue section includes the dispositive legal issue in the case phrased as a question. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Holding and Reasoning (Scalia, J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Concurrence/Dissent (Ginsburg, J.)

The concurrence/dissent section is for members only and includes a summary of the judge’s concurrence in part and dissent in part. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 169,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,800 briefs, keyed to 187 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.