Washington v. Seattle School District No. 1
United States Supreme Court
458 U.S. 457 (1982)
In 1978, the Seattle School District enacted the “Seattle Plan,” which utilizes mandatory busing and mandatory student reassignment to achieve racial integration. The Seattle Plan was not required by the U.S. Constitution. An organization called Citizens for Voluntary Integration Committee opposed the Seattle Plan, and placed on the 1978 Washington State general election ballot “Initiative 350,” a statewide initiative to terminate the use of mandatory busing for racial integration. Initiative 350 provided that no school board shall require any student to attend a school other than the school which is nearest to the student’s residence and offers the course of study pursued by the student. The lower courts invalidated Initiative 350, finding that the initiative was directed solely at the desegregation busing. The Supreme Court granted certiorari.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Blackmun, J.)
Dissent (Powell, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 170,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,800 briefs, keyed to 187 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.