United States Supreme Court
120 U.S. 1 (1887)
Wildenhus, a Belgian national and crewmember on board a Belgian ship docked at Jersey City in the United States, killed a fellow crewmember and Belgian national onboard the ship. Local American police arrested Wildenhus and detained him and two other Belgian crewmembers as witnesses. The Belgian consul applied for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to Article 11 of the Convention Concerning the Rights, Privileges, and Immunities of Consular Officers between the United States and Belgium. This Convention provided that the consuls of a home State should exercise exclusive jurisdiction over the internal matters affecting that State’s vessels, regardless of whether the vessel is located within a foreign State’s territory. However, the Convention provided that when a matter is of such a nature as to disturb the peace and tranquility of the local State, that State’s authorities may exercise jurisdiction over the matter without interference from the home State. The circuit court refused to grant the Belgian consul’s application for a writ of habeas corpus, and the consul appealed to the United States Supreme Court.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Waite, C.J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 174,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,000 briefs, keyed to 188 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.