Williams v. Rhodes
United States Supreme Court
393 U.S. 23 (1968)
A law in the State of Ohio (defendant) provided that political parties that received 10 percent of the vote in the previous gubernatorial election automatically qualified for the next presidential election ballot. Other parties, including the Ohio American Independent Party (plaintiffs), were required to meet strict conditions to qualify for the ballot. These requirements included (1) filing a petition nine months before the election that was signed by voters totaling at least 15 percent of the number of ballots cast in the prior gubernatorial election; (2) holding a primary election complying with detailed and rigorous requirements; and (3) having an elaborate party structure.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Black, J.)
Concurrence (Harlan, J.)
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