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Winter v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc.

United States Supreme Court
555 U.S. 7 (2008)


Facts

The National Resources Defense Council, Inc. (NRDC), Jean-Michael Cousteau, an environmentalist and filmmaker, and several other environmental groups (collectively Plaintiffs), filed suit in federal district court against Donald Winter, Secretary of the U.S. Navy (the Navy) (defendant) alleging that the Navy’s use of mid-frequency active (MFA) sonar during its training programs harmed marine life off the coast of Southern California in violation of several federal laws. Plaintiffs argued that the Navy should have prepared an environmental impact statement prior to commencing the training exercises. The district court agreed and granted Plaintiffs’ motion for a preliminary injunction which prohibited the Navy from using MFA sonar during subsequent exercises. The Navy appealed. The court of appeals affirmed and the U.S. Supreme Court granted certiorari to review.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Roberts, C.J.)

Dissent (Ginsburg, J.)

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