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Wolf v. Marlton Corp.

Superior Court of New Jersey, Appellate Division
154 A.2d 625 (N.J. Super. 1959)


Facts

The Wolfs (plaintiffs) contracted to purchase a house that Marlton Corp. (defendant) was to build in its residential development. The Wolfs put down a deposit of $2,450, which Marlton was entitled to keep under the terms of the contract if the Wolfs failed to make additional payments on the house. During construction, the Wolfs ran into marital troubles and told their lawyer that they did not want to complete the sale. Accordingly, the Wolfs’ lawyer told Martin Field of Marlton that if he did not agree to a settlement and let the Wolfs out of the contract, the Wolfs would resell the house “to a purchaser who would be undesirable in [Marlton’s] tract.” Field testified: “[the lawyer stated] that if we did not accept his offer it would be the sorriest move that I ever made in my building career. I accepted it as a threat, and I felt that at this point it was impossible to go ahead and continue with this thing.” As a result of this conversation with the Wolfs’ lawyer, Marlton informed the Wolfs that the sale would not be consummated on account of the Wolfs’ material breach, and because of that breach, Marlton was retaining the down payment. The Wolfs brought suit for breach of contract, claiming that they were always ready, willing, and able to perform under the contract. The trial court held that Marlton refused to perform and found in favor of the Wolfs. Marlton appealed.

Rule of Law

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning (Freund, J.)

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  • A "yes" or "no" answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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