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Wyoming v. Houghton

526 U.S. 295 (1999)

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Wyoming v. Houghton

United States Supreme Court

526 U.S. 295 (1999)

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Facts

An officer stopped a car for speeding and saw a syringe in the driver’s shirt pocket. When asked why he had it, the driver stated that he used it to take drugs. Sandra Houghton (defendant), a passenger in the car, was asked to step out. The officer searched the passenger compartment and then found a purse on the backseat. Houghton stated that the purse was hers. The purse contained a brown pouch with 60 ccs of methamphetamine which Houghton claimed was not hers. Houghton was arrested and charged with felony possession of methamphetamine. She moved to suppress all evidence found in the purse as fruit of an illegal search. The trial court held that the search was legal because the officer had probable cause to search the car and any container in the car that may contain contraband. Houghton’s motion to suppress was denied and she was convicted. She appealed and the Wyoming Supreme Court held that the search of Houghton’s purse was illegal and that officers may not search a container that belongs to a passenger who is not suspected of criminal activity unless someone else had an opportunity to hide contraband in the container. The court reversed her conviction. The Supreme Court granted certiorari.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Scalia, J.)

Dissent (Stevens, J.)

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