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Abstention Doctrines Part II

Learn about the judicial abstention doctrines applicable to cases in which there are duplicate proceedings in state and federal courts.


I.         Introduction

The United States has two distinct judicial systems, federal and state. Because of these two systems, a litigant could be involved in a dispute that’s pending in more than one forum. To avoid having litigants unnecessarily contest a dispute in multiple forums, the United States Supreme Court has developed two abstention doctrines to curtail federal-court adjudication of a duplicate state proceeding. These doctrines are Younger...