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Federal-Question Jurisdiction

Learn about what constitutes a federal question and how the federal courts adjudicate federal questions.


I.          Introduction

The federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction. That means that litigants can’t stroll into federal court to have their disputes heard just because they feel like it. But, one way that litigants can get their disputes heard in federal court is by raising a federal question and invoking federal-question jurisdiction. The two bases for federal-question jurisdiction are constitutional and statutory.