Gwendolyn Robbins (plaintiff) was a passenger in a car driven by her 70-year-old father, Charles Williams (plaintiff), on an upstate highway when it veered off the road and overturned. Robbins, a practicing Jehovah’s Witness, suffered a severely damaged hip and knee. Due to her religious beliefs, she refused to undergo recommended surgeries to alleviate the injuries because it required her to receive blood transfusions. Robbins brought suit against the lessor of the vehicle, Bright (defendant). The jury found Bright negligent and Bright appealed. Bright did not contest liability, but objected to Robbins’ failure to mitigate damages due to her religious beliefs.