Protection Status
Special Problems

Special Problems

Learn about special problems affecting title, including estoppel by deed, judgment liens, tax liens, forgery, and fraud.


We’ll conclude our discussion of titles with some special problems, including estoppel by deed, judgement liens, tax liens, forgery, and fraud.

The rule of estoppel by deed is also called the doctrine of after-acquired title. The rule applies if a grantor purports to convey property that he doesn’t own to a grantee who lacks notice of this problem. If the grantor later acquires the property, then title immediately vests in the original grantee. In other words, the grantor will be estopped...