Authority to Adjudicate

Authority to Adjudicate

Learn about the authority of agencies to adjudicate disputes, including limitations on that authority.


I. Agency Adjudication

Adjudication is the process by which agencies make final decisions on matters other than rulemaking. Adjudication produces orders, defined as an agency’s final disposition of a matter other than rulemaking. Adjudication includes hearings before administrative-law judges, or ALJs, that resemble trials in many ways, but also includes far less formal decision-making processes.

For example, imagine a student applies for federal student aid. She fills out a form, which she...