Timing of Judicial Review

Timing of Judicial Review

Learn about limitations on judicial review based upon issues of timing, including the requirements of finality, exhaustion, and ripeness.


To obtain judicial review, the timing of the petition for review must be appropriate. The three timing requirements are finality, exhaustion, and ripeness.

I.              Finality

The first timing requirement is finality. Only final agency actions are subject to judicial review. Preliminary or intermediate actions or rulings aren’t directly reviewable. To be considered final, an agency action must be the culmination of the agency...