Class Actions

Class Actions

Learn about class actions, including the requirements for certifying a class and the bases of federal subject-matter jurisdiction over class-action cases.


In this lesson, we’ll discuss class actions under Rule 23 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.

I. Overview of Class Actions

Class actions are cases in which one or more representative parties bring claims on behalf of all members of a larger group, called a class.

A class action begins as a single- or multi-plaintiff case brought by the class representatives. Before the case can proceed as a class action, the court must approve, or certify, the case for class treatment. Otherwise,...