Begin exploring courts’ subject matter jurisdiction with a discussion of the constitutional and statutory power of federal courts to adjudicate claims involving parties from different states, known as diversity jurisdiction.
In the last tutorial, we discussed the topic of personal jurisdiction--i.e. the power of the federal courts to exercise decisional authority over a particular person. In this tutorial, we’ll discuss a different, yet arguably even more crucial type of jurisdiction, namely subject matter jurisdiction, which is the power of federal courts to hear certain kinds of cases, or to exercise authority over certain kinds of disputes. Stated differently, while “personal jurisdiction” involves power over...