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Fishing and Hunting Rights

Learn about tribes’ fishing and hunting rights, both on and off reservation.


I. Indian Hunting and Fishing Rights

Imagine that the United States entered into a treaty that created a reservation for an Indian tribe. Fishing and hunting were culturally significant for the tribe and provided subsistence for tribe members. The treaty didn’t specifically mention the tribe’s hunting or fishing rights on the land. Instead, the government granted the tribe a reservation as “a home, to be held as Indian lands are held.” Did this treaty give the tribe the right to hunt and fish?...