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Reorganization Era through Present Policies

Learn about the laws and policies used during the Reorganization Era, Termination Era, and Self-Determination Era.


I. Reorganization Era (1928–1945)

By the late 1920s, it was clear that existing Indian policies weren’t working. Just like a failing corporation must undergo a reorganization when its stocks are plummeting, it was time for the federal government to change course in the reorganization era.

In 1928, the Institute for Government Research, led by Lewis Meriam, submitted its report on Indian affairs to the Department of the Interior. The report, referred to as the Meriam Report, criticized the Dawes...