Play video

The Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA)

Learn about the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA), which establishes a federal framework for regulation of tribal gaming.


I. History and Evolution of Indian Gaming

In 1976, the United States Supreme Court established the foundation for tribes to operate casinos on Indian land in a case that had nothing to do with casinos. In Bryan v. Itasca County, 426 U.S. 373 (1976), a county in Minnesota assessed a personal property tax on Russell Bryan, a reservation Indian. Ultimately, the Supreme Court held that the county couldn’t assess personal property taxes on reservation Indians. Most importantly, the Court held...