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Excluding and Modifying Warranties

Learn how parties can exclude or modify express warranties and the implied warranties.


In line with the Uniform Commercial Code’s policy favoring the freedom of contract, Article 2 allows parties to exclude or modify express and implied warranties. However, to prevent unfair surprises and hidden disclaimers, Article 2 sets forth specific requirements that must be met for such exclusions or modifications to be valid.

I. Express Warranties

If an express warranty exists, any words or conduct negating or limiting such warranty must, to the extent reasonable, be construed as...