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Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress (IIED)

Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress (IIED)

Learn about the tort of intentional infliction of emotional distress, which allows liability to be imposed for extreme or outrageous conduct causing emotional, rather than physical, distress.


We've been talking so far about intentional torts designed to remedy intentional harms to persons and property. Now, let's deal with a tort designed to remedy intentional or reckless harm to the soul—intentional infliction of emotional distress, otherwise affectionately known in the business as "IIED."

I. Elements of IIED

The basic elements of IIED are: (1) the defendant must engage in what the law defines as "extreme and outrageous conduct," (2) and the conduct must be either (a) intended to...