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Executive Branch Control of Agencies and Judicial Review of Agency Action

Learn about how the president and executive officials control agencies, and about judicial review of agency action.


I. Introduction

Executive branch officials make policy and direct the actions of federal agencies. The agency head or multi-person agency leaders, the departmental leadership, the relevant cabinet secretary, and ultimately the president employ several tools to direct an agency’s actions.

After we consider executive branch control of agency actions and policymaking, we’ll examine judicial review of federal agencies.

II. The President’s Appointment and Removal Authority

We’ve previously considered...