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Franchise Relocation and Expansion

Learn about how professional sports teams relocate and how leagues can create new teams.


Many professional sports teams are no longer located in the cities where the teams were founded as a result of franchise relocation. For example, in 1957, the Brooklyn Dodgers moved across the country to become the Los Angeles Dodgers. In 2020, the Oakland Raiders became the Las Vegas Raiders. Let’s look at some antitrust issues associated with franchise relocation, as well as league expansions, contractions, and bankruptcy.

I. Franchise Relocation in the NFL

In 1978, the Los Angeles Rams moved...